Carbon Pricing

Economists around the world consider carbon pricing the most economically efficient climate policy option. RFF experts are informing the design and examining the impacts of carbon pricing to help leaders better understand the fiscal and environmental costs and benefits.


Countries, states, provinces, and regions around the world—including a number of US states—are driving down carbon dioxide emissions by putting a price on carbon through cap-and-trade programs or carbon taxes. To design carbon pricing policies that minimize harm to the economy and individual livelihoods, however, policymakers need credible information on how these policies affect greenhouse gas emissions, vulnerable households, and the nation’s energy mix.

The goal of RFF’s Carbon Pricing Initiative is to provide rigorous analysis and a nonpartisan, objective voice to help leaders understand the impacts of their decisions and pave the way for the design of pragmatic and equitable policies.


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